The security environment surrounding Japan has become increasingly severe, being encompassed by various challenges and destabilizing factors, which are becoming more tangible and acute.

Above all, as conflicts between countries, etc., remain, major changes in the security environment in the vicinity of Japan have yet to emerge even after the end of the Cold War, unlike in Europe. Opaque and uncertain factors such as issues of territorial rights and reunification remain. There is also an increase in the number of so-called “gray-zone” situations, that is, neither purely peacetime nor contingencies over territory, sovereignty and maritime economic interests, etc.

In addition, there are clearer trends for neighboring states to modernize and reinforce their military capabilities and to intensify their military activities. As such, security issues and destabilizing factors in the Asia-Pacific region including the area surrounding Japan are becoming more serious.

Digest
Part I: Security Environment Surrounding Japan

Chapter 1 Defense Policies of Countries

Chapter 2 Issues in the International Community

Part II: Japan’s Security and Defense Policy

Chapter 1 The Basic Concepts of Japan’s Security and Defense Policy

Chapter 2 Organizations Responsible for Japan’s Security and Defense

Chapter 3 National Security Strategy

Chapter 4 New National Defense Program Guidelines

Chapter 5 Building a Dynamic Joint Defense Force

Part III: Initiatives of Defense of Japan

Chapter 1 Initiatives to Protect the Lives and Property of the People and Secure the Territorial Land, Water and Airspace

Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance

Chapter 3 Active Promotion of Security Cooperation

Part IV: Bases to Demonstrate Defense Capabilities

Chapter 1 Measures on Defense Equipment, such as the Three Principles on Transfer of Defense Equipment and Technology

Chapter 2 Relationship between the Japanese People and the Ministry of Defense and the SDF